Marshmallow root is an ingredient in many lung preparations and cough syrups, as well as preparations for urinary tract problems, stomach ailments, and wound healing.
Western herbal medicine considers the diuretic hydrangea as being particularly helpful in the treatment of kidney and bladder stones. The herb is given for many other conditions that affect the genitourinary system, including cystitis, urethritis, enlarged prostate, and prostatitis.
Native Americans used this herb externally for burns, swelling of the lymph nodes, and insect bites. Internally, it was used for pain associated with headaches and stomachaches, measles, coughs, and gonorrhea. It was also used for rattlesnake bites. Today, the herb is used for prophylaxis and treatment of flu, sepsis, and mild to moderate cold infections.
Epimedium warms the kidneys, tonifies yang, stimulates the pituitary gland and thus the gonads and increases sperm production and motility. It also dilates capillaries and larger blood vessels, strengthens bones, improves metabolism, and exhibits a mild androgenic effect.
Tribulus has a long history of use in ancient Greece and India as a physical rejuvenation tonic. In China, it is used as a component of therapy for conditions affecting the liver, kidney, cardiovascular system, and immune system. It has also been used in Eastern European folk medicine for increased muscle strength and sexual potency.
Cinnamon has been traditionally taken as a warming herb for "cold" conditions, often in combination with ginger. The herb stimulates the circulation, especially to the fingers and toes. Cinnamon is also a traditional remedy for digestive problems, such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhoea, as well as for aching muscles and other symptoms of viral conditions such as colds.