Marshmallow root is an ingredient in many lung preparations and cough syrups, as well as preparations for urinary tract problems, stomach ailments, and wound healing.
Epimedium warms the kidneys, tonifies yang, stimulates the pituitary gland and thus the gonads and increases sperm production and motility. It also dilates capillaries and larger blood vessels, strengthens bones, improves metabolism, and exhibits a mild androgenic effect.
Tribulus has a long history of use in ancient Greece and India as a physical rejuvenation tonic. In China, it is used as a component of therapy for conditions affecting the liver, kidney, cardiovascular system, and immune system. It has also been used in Eastern European folk medicine for increased muscle strength and sexual potency.
Skullcap calms and strengthens the nerves, relaxes spasms, relieves pain, and promotes rest. It can help rebuild nerve sheaths. One of its constituents, scutellarin, is transformed in the body into scutellarein, which helps stimulate the brain to produce more endorphins.
Lady's mantle helps reduce pains associated with menstrual periods and ameliorates excessive bleeding. Its astringency makes it beneficial in the treatment of diarrhea, as a mouthwash for sores and ulcers, and as a gargle for laryngitis.
Bladderwrack has a general softening, draining, nourishing effect on the body. It also increases the body's rate of metabolism and promotes the cleansing and clearing of toxins. Because bladderwrack helps stimulate a sluggish metabolism, it can be helpful as part of a weight-loss program.