Jiaogulan directly nourishes the visceral functions by increasing blood supply to various internal organs, through enhanced cardiac output. Jiaogulan also affects the neuroendocrine regulation to normalize the visceral functions that are adversely affected by various stressors.
Western herbal medicine considers the diuretic hydrangea as being particularly helpful in the treatment of kidney and bladder stones. The herb is given for many other conditions that affect the genitourinary system, including cystitis, urethritis, enlarged prostate, and prostatitis.
Fo-Ti is recommended as a tonic to maintain youthful vigour, increase energy, tone the kidneys and liver, and purify the blood. It is said to have the effects of darkening prematurely grey hair.
Native Americans used this herb externally for burns, swelling of the lymph nodes, and insect bites. Internally, it was used for pain associated with headaches and stomachaches, measles, coughs, and gonorrhea. It was also used for rattlesnake bites. Today, the herb is used for prophylaxis and treatment of flu, sepsis, and mild to moderate cold infections.
Epimedium warms the kidneys, tonifies yang, stimulates the pituitary gland and thus the gonads and increases sperm production and motility. It also dilates capillaries and larger blood vessels, strengthens bones, improves metabolism, and exhibits a mild androgenic effect.
Tribulus has a long history of use in ancient Greece and India as a physical rejuvenation tonic. In China, it is used as a component of therapy for conditions affecting the liver, kidney, cardiovascular system, and immune system. It has also been used in Eastern European folk medicine for increased muscle strength and sexual potency.